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Citation Styles: Chicago

This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.

End-of-Text References

Articles

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume, no. Issue (Year of Publication): Page range. DOI or URL.


Books

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher Name, Year of Publication.

eBooks

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher Name, Year of Publication. http://Web address


Newspaper Article

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of article." Title of Newspaper (Place of Publication). Month. Day, Year.

 


Nonperiodical Web Document or Report

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Web Document or Article." last modified Month Day, Year. http://rgheck.frege.org/philosophy/aboutpgr.php


Examples retrieved from Purdue OWL: Chicago Formatting

Style influenced by Citation Styles, UWM Libraries

In-Text References and Footnotes/Endnotes

Footnotes

  • Note numbers should begin with “1” and follow consecutively throughout a given paper. 
  • In the text:
    • Note numbers are superscripted.
    • Note numbers should be placed at the end of the clause or sentence to which they refer and should be placed after all punctuation, except for the dash. 
  • In the notes themselves:
    • Note numbers are full-sized, not raised, and followed by a period (superscripting note numbers in the notes themselves is also acceptable).  
    • Lines within a footnote should be formatted flush left. Place commentary after source documentation when a footnote contains both; separate commentary and documentation by a period. 
      • In parenthetical citation, separate documentation from brief commentary with a semicolon.
      • Do not repeat the hundreds digit in a page range if it does not change from the beginning to the end of the range. 

In-text:

Sentence containing "a direct quote" or paraphrasing. 1

Footnote:

1. First name Last name, Title of Book (Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication), page number.


 

Examples retrieved from Purdue OWL: Chicago Formatting

Style influenced by Citation Styles, UWM Libraries

Chicago Resources

For more information on the Chicago Citation Style, check out these resources:

Purdue OWL Chicago Style


The Chicago Manual of Style Online