Many federal funding agencies now have policies requiring or strongly preferring that grant recipients share the products of grant-funded research openly with the public. This includes publications/articles as well as research data generated during the course of research.
A common requirement is a data management plan, which describes how research data will be handled and how it will be shared with the public.
SIUE SPARK may be used as a platform for sharing both articles and data. Please contact us if you would like assistance or more information about sharing requirements, uploading to SPARK, or writing the data management plan.
The table below summarizes some common federal funding agencies as well as their requirements. A general rule of thumb is open access to the article no more than 12 months after publication, and a data management plan describing the data collected and how it will be shared with the public or a justification for not sharing the data (examples from NIH).
|National Science Foundation (NSF)||
Must deposit final Accepted Manuscript in the Department of Energy's PAGES repository, to be available within 12 months of publication.
Data management plan required; "Investigators are expected to share with other researchers, at no more than incremental cost and within a reasonable time, the primary data, samples, physical collections and other supporting materials created or gathered in the course of work under NSF grants. Grantees are expected to encourage and facilitate such sharing."
|National Institutes of Health (NIH)||
Final Accepted Manuscript in PubMed Central to be available within 12 months of publication (your publisher may do this for you).
Data management plan required; "Data should be made as widely and freely available as possible while safeguarding the privacy of participants, and protecting confidential and proprietary data." Applies, at minimum, to "final research data" on grants requesting $500,000 or more, or ANY grant involving genomic data.
|National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)||Data management plan required; "The DMP should clearly articulate how sharing of primary data is to be implemented. It should outline the rights and obligations of all parties with respect to their roles and responsibilities in the management and retention of research data."|